To adapt to the different handicaps of the Paralympic Games, there is a classification system that values the physical potential of each athlete for each group. After a medical test, the athletes are divided into different categories ranging from S1 to S13, depending on the handicap.
These categories are very similar to the weight categories found in boxing or judo sports. Categories S11 to S13 regroup visual impairments. Category S14 is for the mentally disabled, and categories S1 to S10 refer to motor disabilities. The S1 category groups the most critical handicaps.
The exit is done freely, jumping, or directly from the water. An assistant can help the swimmer stay in the starting position, if necessary. Swimming techniques comply with several regulations, but these are also adapted to each type of disability, and this is also left to the judges ‘ assessment.
The sixth edition of the Paralympic Games has already started,, and for ten days (until September 1), 17 various disciplines will be established, with different classifications according to the impairment of the rival.
In this note, you know what each sporting activity includes,, as well as what rankings and categories are at the 2019 Lima Paralympic Games.
Two three-person teams face each other on a court delimited with responsive lines and also two objectives. The spheres have coverings inside as well as the lock is valid with the whole body. For gamers to listen to the area, viewers remain quiet throughout the match. This is an exclusively Paralympic sporting activity practiced by aesthetically impaired athletes. Everybody puts on masks to compete on equal terms.
- Mobility device basketball
The gamers move quickly through the court, passing it and also oozing it into the challenger’s ring. The group will certainly win with even more points racked up at the end of the game. In case of a tie, an additional five minutes will undoubtedly standard until there is a winning team.
Paraplegia, amputation of lower arm or legs, cerebral palsy, or poliomyelitis. Depending on their capacity, they are granted factors between 1 and 4.5. One factor is one of the most severe special needs.
- Football 5
Each group is composed of four individuals with visual or blind troubles and also a goalkeeper without specials needs. All individuals must cover their eyes during play. The goalkeeper guides the blind players, a” customer” situated behind the contrary arc, and the technical supervisor finishes the support.
- B1: football 5 is designed for individuals with aesthetic disabilities. Except for the archer, who does have the vision, they all wear masks.
- Football COMPUTER or 7
The players play in a decreased field, and also the groups are made up of 7 gamers, including the goalkeeper. There is no out-of-play as well as it is permitted to draw from the line or roll the sphere back to the playing field.
A qualifier for the Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020. This sport includes different techniques as well as events separated into races, leaps, or releases. Its broad classification allows athletes with various disabilities to participate.
- T11: blind people, blindfolded, and also an overview.
- T20: athletes with specials needs intellectual. According to the Globe Wellness Company, the standards are to have a coefficient of less than 70, restrictions in ordinary skills as well as to have appeared before the age of 18.
- T46: professional athletes with an electric motor as well as ambulant shortages, aside from amputations.
- T47: amputations of top limbs.
- T55: spine disability. They can’t relocate the trunk or legs. Mobility device runners or sitting pitchers.
- T63: affectation in inferior extremities. They compete with prosthetics.
- T64: affectation in inferior extremities. They take on prosthetics.
It has been adjusted for individuals with physical disabilities with or without prosthesis as well as wheelchair use. The only actual adaptation is in the instance of a wheelchair, which makes use of only half a court on each side.
Adjusted for aesthetically impaired professional athletes. The difference between standard and adapted sporting activities is in contact with your opponent before the start of the suit. During the contest, factors are included according to the steps made that look to shoot down or damage the opponent.
- Track cycling and road biking
Track: exercised in a velodrome, the athletes complete in a single quest as well as time tests, which vary from 200 m to 4 kilometers While the test, complete alone and also from a fixed result. In specific attempts, two opponents begin at the opposite ends of a road.
It is done resting on a bench, maneuvering a chest press. Weight training was unique to professional athletes with back injuries; however, at the Paralympic Games in 1964, it expanded to consist of athletes with various other disabilities.
They get involved for athletes with physical disabilities: men and women of low dimension, with amputations or restriction in strength or flexibility of legs. They complete according to their weight.
Adjusted for swimmers with some physical, aesthetic, or intellectual disability, this sport consists of start platforms in and out of the water or signs suggesting where the end of the lane is. These competitors do not include prostheses, competing in the breast, butterfly, back, and also totally free methods.
- Table tennis
In Paralympic table tennis, athletes are organized right into eleven courses, relying on their level and type of special needs. Sessions 1 to 10 include gamers with a handicap or spastic paralysis, with the one most affected and also the ten mildest. Players in Classes 1 to 5 contend in a mobility device, while those in classes 6 to 10 compete on their feet. Course 11 is reserved for professional athletes with intellectual specials needs.
- Wheelchair tennis
Being of high precision, they preserve the policies of normal tennis; yet a second boat is enabled which can be inside or outside the court.
- Wheelchair Rugby
The concept is to score as lots of tries (touch the finish line with two wheels while in ownership of the sphere) as they move to the opposing ground loading, bargaining, or passing the round.
- Beach ball Resting
The sitting beach ball is a sport that has the exact same objective as the standard volleyball: hitting the ball on the web and also making it touch the floor on the court of the opposing team. To play it, athletes need to have contact with the buttocks with the ground constantly.